Message 30 - By Jerry D. Green

Laws, Ordinances, and Traditions


For many years I questioned whether James (the writer of the book of James, and whom we are told was the Lord’s brother according to the flesh) was an apostle. I questioned this, not because James doesn’t say some good things, but because, unlike Peter, John, and Paul, there is no indication that he ever had a spiritual revelation of Jesus, as “the Christ;” which is the gospel. Like so many today, James seemed to have a strong desire for things to do, to keep, to obey (i.e., laws, ordinances, traditions, principles, etc., most of which are simply carryovers from the Old Testament; the Old Covenant). In fact, I have suspected for many years that his letter was chosen to be included in the scriptures simply because he was, or was believed to be, the Lord’s brother (actually, half brother), according to the flesh, and/or, because he was believed to be an apostle. I have since learned that the reformer, Martin Luther, held the same view.

I am NOT writing this message with the intention of casting doubt on the scriptures, but to aid the person who is seeking truth, to deal with the incongruousness between the doctrine of James and the doctrine of those apostles who Jesus personally chose and gave revelation of the gospel to; by the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven (John 6:70; Acts 9:15; Matthew 16:15-17; Galatians 1:11-12; I Peter 1:12). JDG


Laws, Ordinances, and Traditions

In writing this message I feel first, to explore whether James was a scripturally bona fide apostle. A typical reading of the scriptures in the KJV would seem to indicate that James, purported to be the Lord’s brother, is also the author of the book of James; also, that he was an apostle. Recently however, I did a brief search of the scriptures and quickly discovered that there was very little evidence, if any at all, to support that assumption. As always, I’ll share my findings with you and let you draw your own conclusions.

“James, a SERVANT of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting” (James 1:1).

First: James himself does not claim to be an apostle. His only claim is that he is “…a SERVANT…” of God and of Jesus Christ; Not a Son of God (I John 3:1-2), not a spiritual brother of Jesus (Hebrews 2:11-13), who was and is, the Christ; and not, an apostle. Also, his letter was written specifically to those Jews of “…the twelve tribes…” (of Israel) who were “…scattered abroad…” where they had built their Jewish synagogues throughout those regions of the world. I must assume that James, who, claims to be a SERVANT of Christ, could be numbered among those Jews who had heard about and believed on Jesus (John 8:30-31); but, did not believe in his heart that Jesus was indeed, “the Christ.” James did not believe in his heart, nor does he preach in “his” gospel (his epistle), that “Jesus, the Christ” did all that God had promised by the angel Gabriel that “the Christ” (“the Messiah”) would do, were done. Most certainly, to his (as with their) thinking, He did not “…make an end of sins…” (Daniel 9:24-27; therefore, He could not be the Christ, the Messiah of God. Rather, James was writing to establish them in his version of the gospel. Therefore, my question to this point would be, are you one of those Jews who were numbered among the twelve tribes of Israel, who had been scattered abroad; or, are you of “Jesus, the Christ, and His church?” Any answer other than “Jesus, the Christ, and His church,” means that you do not yet know Jesus as “the Christ” (“the Messiah”) of God.

Secondly: I would point out that two of Jesus’ personally chosen disciples (whom He would later call apostles) were also named James. One of these was the brother of John (both, sons of Zebedee; Matthew 4:21) and the second was the son of Alphaeus (Matthew 10:1-4 [verse 3 in particular]). Also, in Luke 6:13-16, Jesus calls His disciples (those who were following His ministry) unto Him, and of them, He chose twelve, whom He would also call apostles (Matthew 10, verses 1 through 4). He then gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sicknesses and all manner of diseases; but in Acts 12:1-2, a short while after the day of Pentecost, Herod stretched forth his hand against the church and killed the apostle James (the apostle John’s brother), with the sword (Acts 12:12). Yet, there remained one more of the original twelve apostles named James; James, the son of Alphaeus.

When Peter was miraculously delivered from prison, he instructed them to go and tell these things to James, and to the brethren. Whether this was James the Apostle, or James the Lord’s brother, I don’t know.  Neither do I know how anyone could know for certain; but, it seems to me that it would have been a chosen apostle (i.e., James, the son of Alphaeus) who would have been in charge of the church in Jerusalem (the brethren) at that time. On another occasion (Acts 15:7-13), the scriptures say that “…after they (Peter, Barnabas, and Paul) had held their peace, JAMES answered, saying, Men and brethren, hearken unto me.” But again there is no way of knowing, from the scriptures, which James this was.

In Acts 21:18-20 the scriptures again say: “…the day following, PAUL went in with us (us being those who accompanied Paul) unto JAMES; and all the elders were present. And when he (PAUL) had saluted (greeted) them, he declared particularly what things God had wrought among the Gentiles by his ministry. And when they (JAMES and all the elders) heard it, they glorified the Lord, and (presumably James) said unto him (Paul), Thou seest, brother, how many thousands of Jews there are which BELIEVE (on Jesus; John 8:30-31; read text in the following paragraph); and they are ALL ZEALOUS of THE LAW” (of MOSES). It seems fair to assume, based on the words of James himself in Acts 15:20, and the prevailing sentiment of the Jerusalem church in this verse (Acts 21:20; although it’s not clear if the speaker is James himself, or an elder speaking for James and the church in Jerusalem) that this James probably was the Lord’s brother; for history seems to bear out that he did become prominent in, and possibly by this time, head of the church at Jerusalem.

It is recorded that on at least one occasion during His ministry, Jesus had specifically addressed some Jews who BELIEVED ON HIM (perhaps some of these same Jews; John 8:30-31). “Then said Jesus to those JEWS which BELIEVED ON HIM, if ye CONTINUE in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed; And ye shall know the TRUTH, and the TRUTH shall MAKE YOU FREE” (from sin; Please read the entire discourse, John 8:32-36). The truth He was referring to was the truth of the gospel that would make [a soul] free indeed from sin; and the reason they must continue in His word before they could know and experience this truth was that He had not yet, at that time, suffered the death of the cross. Clearly these Jews had not continued in Jesus’ words for, even after Calvary, they were still refusing to receive and believe the truth of the gospel of Jesus, the Christ. Being zealous of the law of Moses, they were still refusing to hear, believe, and submit themselves unto the precious gospel that was (and is) able to save the soul, in making it FREE FROM sin; NOT from just the penalty of sin, but from sin itself; and in this, the penalty of sin. Sinners will never be free from the penalty of sin, as long as they continue in sin.  Being “born again,” through faith in the fact that Jesus is “the Christ (I John 5:1),” makes “free from sin ().”

So, what else would this truth make them free from? Specifically, it would also make them free from the law of Moses (an accumulation [we are told] of 613 individual laws), as well as the religious laws of any and all other men aside from Jesus (Romans; chapters 6-7), and, free from the devil.

In I Corinthians 15:5-9, Paul says, concerning those 500 plus eyewitnesses of the resurrected Christ, that He (Jesus, the Christ) was (first) seen of Cephas (Peter), then of the twelve. Adam Clark tells us in his commentary that the word twelve in this particular place was a mistranslation and should have been translated “eleven.” Assuming this to be correct: This could then mean that Jesus was first seen by Peter, then afterward, by the other eleven; or, afterward by the twelve, including Peter. After that, he was also seen of over five hundred brethren at once, of whom the greater part remained unto that present day; but some had already fallen asleep (died). “After that, he was seen of James, then of all the apostles.” Again, the wording here could be interpreted to mean James, the Lord’s brother, then of all of the twelve apostles, or, as I believe it to be: He was seen by the Apostle James, and then by all of the twelve apostles including the Apostle James, or, all of the other eleven apostles.  “And last of all he was seen of me also (Paul), as of one born out of due time (Acts 9:15-16). For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet (worthy) to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.”

In Galatians 1:19, the King James and some of the other versions have Paul saying, “But other of the apostles saw I none, SAVE (some versions have “except,”) James the Lord’s brother.  Either of these two words make the verse say that James was an apostle; however, there are at least three translations I am aware of (the NIV; the GWT; and the ERV) which have the verse translated in this manner: These versions have Paul saying, Aside from the apostle Peter (spoken of in the previous verse; Galatians 1:18), “I saw (at least one version has it ‘met’) none of the other apostles, “only” James, the Lord’s brother.” The word “only” in these translations make the verse say that James was not an apostle, but, “only” the Lord’s brother (according to the flesh); and I believe this to be the correct translation of this verse.

It is hard to determine whether the James of Galatians 2:9 and the James of Galatians 2:12 are the same person, or not. The James of Galatians 2:9 could have been the apostle James, while the James of Galatians 2:12 is most likely James, the Lord’s brother, and head of the church at Jerusalem; I have no way of positively confirming this one way or the other. But even if James, the Lord’s brother (according to the flesh) was head of the church at Jerusalem, that in itself does not, of necessity, make him an apostle.

I have a little “test” that I recommend for all gospel messages (whether written, presented orally, in person, on tape, radio, TV, CD, DVD, or any other way they may be presented); always ask the question, what’s NOT being said? If after a few messages you’re NOT hearing freedom FROM sin by Jesus Christ and the finished work of Calvary, it’s a good indication that the New Testament Jubilee Message is not being preached by that particular ministry (Please read JDG Message one, the “The Message of Jubilee,” which is “the true gospel of Jesus Christ”). I would also recommend this same little “test” for the book of “James.”

In a message written by Brother and Pastor Leroy Surface, titled “A Bit for the Mouth,” he points out some things which might be missed by the typical reader, which “James,” the writer of the book of James, does NOT say. The following paragraph is an excerption from his message: 

“The Book of James is unique in that it mentions Jesus Christ two times, but, there is never a mention of Him as Savior, Redeemer, or Son of God. There is no mention of His blood, His cross, or an atonement. There is no mention of sanctification, forgiveness, or salvation. Neither is there a new creature, a new creation, a new man, or a New Covenant.” And, as I, JDG, have already pointed out, he goes on to say: “James addresses his letter to ‘the twelve tribes, which are scattered abroad. Throughout his letter he also calls them ‘my brethren, and ‘beloved brethren, while at the same time referring to them as ‘double minded,’ ‘despisers of the poor’ (James 2:5-6), ‘adulterers and adulteresses’ (James 4:4).” In James 4:2 he says, “‘Ye lust… ye kill… ye fight and war, yet he gives no answer except ‘law, saying, ‘Brethren, these things ought not to be’ (James 3:10). In the book of James there is no fountain for sin, no ‘balm in Gilead; yet, ten times there IS ‘law. In that he identifies the problems that are so prevalent among the ‘religious’ world today, James does a great job. However, in that he considers these, to whom he addresses his letter, to be ‘brethren’ who simply need a little fine tuning, he fails. He is like so many in the church today, who believe that one more principle applied to the life is the answer to every problem, while being ignorant to the fact that it was for such as these that Jesus died to save ‘FROM their sins’ (Matthew 1:21). All such as James addresses his letter to, while professing the ‘faith of Christ’ (James 2:1), need to hear the truth, of the ‘gospel of Christ, that will make them ‘free indeed’ FROM the sin which works in their heart and nature (John 8:34-36). Unfortunately, they will never hear it from James.” And to all this, I (JDG) totally agree.

The book (epistle, or letter) of Jude is another place in the scriptures that could cause many to assume that James, the Lord’s brother, was an apostle. It is also one of the hardest to reconcile. It takes some digging and sifting to get through it all, but it’s worth the effort just to know what the scriptures do say. Please be patient as we go through this as simply and quickly as possible.

Jude begins his epistle much like the writer of James, telling us that he is “the servant of Jesus Christ.” This lends some credence in the controversy that he may have been the brother of the writer of James; for he also plainly states that he is “the brother of James;” but, of which James? Unfortunately for us, he does not tell us which one, and like the writer of James, Jude does not claim to be an Apostle. So which Jude is this, and which James is this Jude the brother of? Was he brother to James, the Lord’s brother, or was he brother to James, the Apostle, the son of Alphaeus. If he was brother to James, the apostle, this would prove that he (Jude) was also an apostle. If he was brother to James, the Lords brother, it would not prove that either Jude or James were apostles. In Matthew, and Luke, the translators have the spelling of the name of the brother of James the Apostle, as Judas, while in Mark the translators have the spelling of his name, Juda, who was also an apostle and a son of Alphaeus. But whether it’s JUDE, JUDA, JUDAS, or JUDAH, the Strong’s number given for each is the same, Strong’s #2455. This tells me that whatever these names were, and however they were written (i.e., spelled) or pronounced in their original language and writings, they were all most likely the same name (Luke 6:13-16; Matthew 13:54-57; Mark 6:1-4; Hebrews 8:8).

These are the last of the scriptures that deal with the name, “James,” in the New Testament. And even though most of the scriptures which lean to the assumption that the writer of James was an apostle can be discounted due to poor translation influenced by the beliefs of the translators; I’m sorry to say that I found no positive scriptural proof that James, the writer of the book of James, was not an apostle. I’m very happy, however, to say that neither did I find any positive scriptural proof that he was an apostle. I’m sure there’s a world of information out there, if a person has the time and knows where and how to access it, that would tell a person anything they want to hear about this or most any other subject, but I don’t fully trust any source short of that which “…is given by inspiration of God…” (II Timothy 3:16). In the case of the book of James, my personal feeling is that the “…inspiration of God…” was not there. Therefore, in the absence of any conclusive scriptural proof, either for or against the fact that James was an apostle, my mind has not been changed. Let me hasten to say, however, concerning the book of Jude, that even though I cannot scripturally prove that Jude was an apostle, I do feel that the “…inspiration of God…” was there. Possibly, he was an apostle. If not, he absolutely pointed the reader to those who were apostles, for he says, “…beloved, remember ye the words which were spoken BEFORE OF THE APOSTLES of our Lord Jesus Christ” (Jude 1:17). Also, the book (epistle, or letter) of Jude does not dictate doctrine like the book of James. Rather, it is a letter of warning and exhortation to the church (Jude, verses 1-5), something the church of today is in desperate need of. So, based solely on the scriptures, the conclusion could be drawn that this Jude was the brother of James, the Lord’s brother, which would also make him the Lord’s (half) brother according to the flesh. In all honesty I suspect that is the case, even though there is a slim possibility that he was someone else altogether, named Jude, who also had a brother named James, and who had been saved and tutored under the ministry of one or more of those personally chosen “…APOSTLES of our Lord Jesus Christ. Having said all of this, let us now get to the original intent of writing this message, which is:

Laws, Ordinances, and Traditions

To begin this segment let’s deal with the New Testament scripture, Mark 6:13, “And they cast out many devils, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them. This verse of scripture has no doubt persuaded many that anointing with oil is a new covenant “thing to do.” That, however, would be an incorrect assumption. The first four books of the New Testament, although commonly called “gospels,” actually contain very little of the actual “gospel (the good news of that which Jesus Christ does for, and in, those who dare to believe the true gospel report of Him).” Something extremely important for us to understand is that the entire ministry of Jesus on this earth was done under the old covenant. The new covenant did not begin until after Jesus suffered the death of the cross, was buried in a tomb, and was resurrected to the right hand of the Father. Because of this thing which his disciples did during the ministry of Jesus (Mark 6:7-13), it is easy to see why many, especially those of the early church, would think that anointing with oil was an appropriate “thing to do.” However, as we will show in the remainder of this message, it is not only inappropriate, it is a dangerous thing to do. Nevertheless, it is easy to see why a person without new covenant understanding could easily be persuaded in this. Case in point:

“Is (there) any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church; and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord.”

James 5:14

Anointing with oil, washing with water (from which stems water baptism), and circumcision of the flesh (actually, not a part of the law; but was instituted by God before the law; Romans 4:8-13), are just a few of the many things that were done under the Old Covenant (the Law of Moses) which were only types and/or shadows of the better thing which was to come to those under the New Covenant (the New Testament; Hebrews 11:39-40; Luke 22:20). Why anyone would desire the old when they can have the new, the better thing, is something I have never understood; especially if they understand the consequences of their actions. For Paul says, “…I testify again to every man that is circumcised, (or baptized in water, or anointed with oil, or any other Old Testament ordinance a person may choose to do [i.e., keep] in respect of salvation) that he is a debtor to do (or keep) the whole law. Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace (Galatians 5:3-4).

God did NOT establish the New Covenant just so the Gentiles could be saved by it, and the Jews could still be saved by the Old Covenant, or, that the Jew and/or the Gentile could have a choice of which way they wanted to be saved (something I have actually heard preached). For “…by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in His sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin” (Romans 3:20). To the Galatians Paul writes, “Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the FAITH (the GOSPEL) OF Jesus Christ, even we (Jews) have BELIEVED IN Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the FAITH (the GOSPEL) OF Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified” (Galatians 2:16). To the Ephesians (Ephesians 2:15-16) Paul says, “Having ABOLISHED in His (Jesus’) flesh, the enmity (of the law of Moses, which made difference between the Jew and the Gentile), even the law of commandments contained in (the) ordinances (of the law of Moses); for to make, IN HIMSELF, of twain (i.e., two, the Jew and the Gentile) one new man, so making peace; …that He might reconcile both (Jew and Gentile) unto God in one body (speaking of His true church, which is presently His body on this earth) by the cross, having slain the enmity (of the law of Moses, and of all religious law) thereby.

(Colossians 2:8-14) “Beware lest any man spoil you (lead you away as booty, i.e. [figuratively] seduce you) through PHILOSOPHY and VAIN DECEIT, after the TRADITION of men, after the RUDIMENTS of the world, and NOT after CHRIST. For IN Him (Christ Jesus) dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. And… (we) are complete IN HIM, which is the head of all principality and power: IN whom also… (we) ARE CIRCUMCISED WITH the circumcision made WITHOUT hands, in putting off the body (the whole; the entirety) of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision (figurative of the crucifixion) of Christ: (Being) buried WITH him IN BAPTISM (we were [and are] baptized INTO HIM [Romans 6:3 and I Corinthians 1:30 below], NOT, into water), wherein… (we) are… also… risen WITH Him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised Him from the dead.” And… (WE), BEING DEAD in… (our) sins and the uncircumcision of… (our) flesh (our unrestrained fleshly, sin nature; whether circumcised or uncircumcised in our physical body), hath… (God) quickened (MADE ALIVE) together WITH… (Christ), having forgiven… (us) all (of our) trespasses; (and,) Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances (specifically, the law of Moses) that was AGAINST US, which was CONTRARY TO US, and took IT (along with all of ITS religious laws, ordinances, and traditions; as well as all of the religious laws, ordinances, and traditions of all men, aside from Jesus) out of the way, nailing IT (and them) to His cross” (Colossians 2:8-14).

 In Romans 6:3 Paul asked this question of the Romans, “Know ye not (Don’t you know) that… (as) many of us as were baptized INTO Jesus Christ were baptized into HIS death?” Now it’s not Paul, but me, that is asking the question. Don’t you know, that it’s NOT by water, that we are baptized into Jesus Christ; “But (it’s) OF Him (God, that we) are… IN Christ Jesus…” (I Corinthians 1:30).  Don’t you know that it is God, “Who HATH delivered us from the power (the strength, the influence, the authority; of the kingdom) of darkness, AND hath TRANSLATED us INTO the KINGDOM of HIS dear SON” (the kingdom of light; Colossians 1:13). And don’t you know that it is OF God, that we are “Buried with… (Christ Jesus) IN baptism… (into HIS death) wherein also… (we) are risen with HIM through (our faith IN) THE FAITH (of, the true gospel report) OF THE OPERATION (‘…THE WORKING of… [the] mighty power of GOD’; Ephesians 1:19), who hath raised… (Christ) from the dead” (Colossians 2:12). All of these scriptures are speaking of the same spiritual work which God did for all mankind; but unfortunately it can only be experienced by those who hear it, come to the knowledge of it, and believe it (Romans 1:16). “…His (God’s) Dear Son…, Jesus Christ, is the kingdom of God, and God translates the true gospel believer INTO HIM (into Christ). It is only IN Christ that all of the spiritual promises and blessings of God which Jesus purchased for us through the finished work of Calvary are received (John 14:20; Colossians 3:3). It is only through believing the true gospel report, that God delivers us from the power of darkness and translates us INTO Jesus Christ, the kingdom of God.

Paul writes in I Corinthians 11:2, Now I praise you, brethren, that ye remember me in all things, and keep the ordinances (Strong’s #3862) as I delivered them to you. I only mention this scripture because I know that someone will say, Paul said to keep the ordinances; but the Greek word (Strong’s #3862, meaning the oral, or written, transmission of precept or instruction) which, in this verse, was translated ordinances, was used 12 times in the New Testament; and in all the other 11 places it was translated, either tradition or traditions. So the tradition or traditions which Paul had delivered to them and was instructing them to keep, had to have been concerning those things he had instructed them in, concerning the setting up of the churches. They were certainly not concerning the ordinances of the Old Testament LAW of Moses, nor the perverted TRADITIONS of the Jews. Example: “Then came to Jesus scribes and Pharisees, which were of Jerusalem, saying, Why do thy disciples transgress the TRADITION of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread. But he answered and said unto them, Why do ye also transgress the COMMANDMENT OF GOD by your TRADITION?” (Jesus is speaking here of the ten [10] commandment law of God, NOT the six hundred and thirteen [613] individual commandments of the law of Moses; because at that time they were still under the law of Moses; Matthew 15:1-3).

The New Covenant Anointing and Anointer?

“Thou… (the psalmist, speaking prophetically of Jesus [Psalms 45:7], is quoted by the writer of Hebrews,) …hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy GOD, hath ANOINTED THEE with the OIL OF GLADNESS above thy fellows” (Hebrews 1:9).

In Acts 10:37-38Peter declares how that after the “Old Testament” water baptism which John, the Baptist, preached, “…GOD ANOINTED Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all… (who) were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.” Being baptized in water by John, had nothing whatsoever to do with Jesus being anointed of, and by, God; other than His obedience in fulfilling the Old Testament law (which, as previously mentioned, was still in effect during His entire life and ministry). Jesus would also say, “Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy (them), but to fulfil” (them; Matthew 5:17).  Not only did Jesus fulfill the Old Testament law of God, but He also fulfilled all the words of the Old Testament prophets concerning Himself. Peter is simply pointing out the fact that the powerful, Holy Ghost ministry of Jesus, who was anointed by God, began “…AFTER the (ministry of water) baptism which John (the Baptist) preached” (and ministered). The primary purpose of the ministry of John the Baptist was to introduce “the Messiah” (“the Christ”) to Israel. Afterward, the followers of John the Baptist began to diminish because John always pointed the people to Jesus, and away from himself. Let’s also keep in mind that the Old Testament (the Old Covenant) was still in effect during the entire ministry of John the Baptist; as well as the ministry of Jesus. So why did Peter command that these Gentiles, upon whom God had poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost, be baptized in water? Because he did not yet have the revelation of the gospel.

It was not until AFTER God had ANOINTED Jesus with the Holy Ghost that He says, quoting from a prophecy of Himself by Isaiah the prophet (Isaiah chapter 61), “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because HE HATH ANOINTED ME to preach the gospel to the poor; He hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and (the) recovering of sight to the blind, (and) to set at liberty them that are bruised” (Luke 4:18). These are the reasons God still desires to anoint men with the Holy Ghost (which, endues them with power from on high; Luke 24:49), that they might effectively ministry the gospel of Jesus Christ to those who Satan holds captive; that He, God, and not man, might be glorified. Later still, after the New Covenant is established in the shed blood and broken body (the bruised, battered, broken flesh; not broken bones) of Jesus, Paul is to say in II Corinthians 1:21, “Now He which (e)stablisheth US, with YOU, IN Christ, AND HATH ANOINTED US, is God.


I point out these things because, whether we want to admit it or not, there are glaring discrepancies between the message that the writer of James taught and preached, whichever James he may have been, and the message which Paul, a chosen Apostle of the Lord Jesus Christ, taught and preached. As a matter of fact, there was always contention between the two because of their messages. This is made very clear in Paul’s letter to the Galatian church, and was his overriding reason for writing the letter. In Galatians 2:12 (Please read the entire chapter.), he speaks of those who “…came from James…, very probably (though I can’t say for sure) the same ones who came down from Judaea in Acts 15:1, who were preaching, “Except ye be circumcised after the manner of Moses, YE CANNOT BE SAVED. How often these came from James and from what other sources they may have came, I don’t know. What I do know is that they came with a gospel other than that which Paul the Apostle was preaching; and Paul didn’t hold back in his correction of those Galatians. He calls them, “O foolish Galatians, and went on to ask the question, “…who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth…” (Galatians 3:1). He proceeds, “For I testify again to every man that is circumcised (or is baptized in water, or who anoints with oil, or any one or more of countless other things [AS A PART OF THEIR SALVATION]), that he (the person who does these things) is a debtor to do (keep) the whole law. (The point here is that if salvation is in the keeping of the law of Moses, all of it’s 613 laws must be kept; but Paul makes it very clear that, “…by the works of the law [of Moses] shall no flesh be justified” [Galatians 2:16]) Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by (any part of) the (old, Mosaic) law; YE ARE FALLEN FROM GRACE” (Galatians 5:34). I have no doubt that if Paul were here today, he would have the same words to say to most of us. O, foolish Americans, or whatever the nationality; “…who hath bewitched you, that ye should NOT obey the truth…?” (Galatians 3:1).


Under the New Covenant, God is the anointer; however, He doesn’t anoint with oil, but with the oil of gladness, the Holy Ghost, and neither should we. Why? Because in so doing, we put our faith in the oil, in the water, in the knife, etc., and not in Him who does the work. But because of our lack of the true anointing, and/or our lack of faith in (and only in) the true anointing, we reach for the oil bottle. I believe that most people who anoint with oil today (or circumcise the flesh, or baptize with, and/or in water) do so simply because their church fathers did so, and in most cases still do; “…after the TRADITION of men… and NOT after Christ…” (Colossians 2:8). Jesus said to those Pharisees who were yet under the Old Covenant and were probably keeping it, “For laying aside the commandment (the commandments) of God, ye hold (to) the tradition (the traditions) of men, as the washing of pots and cups: and many other such like things ye do (Mark 7:8). But thanks be to God, “Christ hath REDEEMED US FROM THE CURSE OF THE LAW…” of Moses.  NOT from just one, or some, of the 613 individual curses pronounced under the law, but from the CURSED law itself; the whole law. He has also redeemed mankind from all (the CURSED multitude of all) RELIGIOUS laws, ordinances, and traditions of all men, which supposedly bring, or enhance salvation), being made a CURSE for us: for it is written, CURSED is every one that hangeth on a tree” (Galatians 3:13). And again in Colossians 2:14, “Blotting out the handwriting of (the) ordinances (of the law) that was (and is) against us, which was (and is) contrary to us, and took IT (that CURSED religious law of Moses and those CURSED religious laws of any and all men) out of the way, nailing IT (and them) to his cross.”

An issue that has caused as much, or perhaps more division in the church than any other I know about, is water baptism. When I was first saved I saw people contend over this issue to the point of cursing. At the time, I didn’t know the scriptures well enough to know who was right and who was wrong on the issue (reason enough that we should know and rightly divide the word of truth), but I knew by what I was feeling from their spirit that something was grossly wrong. This is a typical trick of the devil; provoking people to fight over a non issue. The question is not, how should we do it (i.e., submerge, sprinkle; pronounce certain words over a person; etc.), but whether we should be doing it at all. I believe the answer is no. Water baptism is only one of the many Old Testament ordinances that was and is, taken away in Christ. The truth of the matter is this; “…their minds were blinded: for until this day (the day Paul was writing this letter to the Corinthians; there) remaineth the same vail untaken away in the reading of the old (and in our case, both the old and the new) testament; which vail is done away in Christ (II Corinthians 3:14 KJV). To those whose minds are blinded, that same vail (yet today) remains untaken away in the reading of both the Old and the New Testament (which Paul doesn’t mention) because in his day there was no written New Testament as we have today, even though the weighty letters he was writing to the churches would become an essential part of the New Testament as we have and know it today.

In any and all discrepancies between the writings of James and the writings of the chosen, hand-picked apostles of the Lord, Jesus Christ, I must go with the apostles; the ones with the revelation of the gospel (Galatians 1:12). Always keep in mind that it is an apostle who says to us, and to “…every man that is circumcised…, and, to every person that keeps any part of the old Mosaic law, or any other religious law; you can’t just pick and choose which one, or ones, you will keep. If you keep any one of them, you are a debtor to do (i.e., keep) the whole law. Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace(Galatians 5:4). And even if you could keep it, you still wouldn’t be saved (Galatians 5:2-6; Acts 13:39; Galatians 3:11). Paul was certainly one who could testify to that (Philippians, Chapter 3). What “…glorious (freedom) liberty…” we have IN the Lord Jesus Christ, both FROM sin, and FROM the burdensome, RELIGIOUS law (and laws) of ANY and ALL men (whether it be Moses, and/or any other man [or woman] on the planet; Acts 15:10; Galatians 5:1-2). “…Only use not (this wonderful freedom; this glorious) liberty, for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another” (Galatians 5:13; Romans 8:21).

In closing this segment of the message, let me state (or reiterate, as the case may be) the fact that the “Ten Commandment Law of God” must yet be kept, as well as all of the commandments and sayings of Jesus. So then, it is not as though we are lawless under the New Covenant; but these commandments, which are yet in effect under the New Covenant, are written in the heart; and cannot be kept by anyone on this earth outside of the provision of God which is “IN Jesus, the Christ” (this is the New Covenant, written in the heart; Hebrews 8:8-10).


“The Passover”

A Brief Study on “The Passover.”

Something we DID NOT discuss in the above message is the “the passover.In light of that which we have already seen in the scriptures, should we even be observing “the passover? Was it not also abolished in Christ? Let’s search the scriptures a bit and see if we can find answers to these questions.

In most modern day “Protestant” churches, “the passover, “the Lord’s passover, or, “the feast of passover” (all Biblical terms), is more commonly referred to as “the Lord’s Supper,or, “Communion. For a basic understanding of what the first “passover” was; when it first took place; and when it was first to be observed as a memorial; please read the entire twelfth chapter of Exodus, and, Numbers, chapter 9:1-14. (These passover references from the Old Testament, as well as some New Testament passover scriptures, can be found just a few paragraphs down on this page.)

The first memorial observance of the passover (Old Covenant) was to be observed one year after the actual passover; on the same (fourteenth) day of the first month (of the newly established Jewish calendar; Exodus 12:1-2), in the evening. It was to be observed at this same time annually (once each year), as an ordinance, forever. Like the ten commandment Law of God, this ordinance was also administered by Moses, but, neither were a part of the law of Moses (which is comprised of 613 burdensome individual laws), all of which were added because of Israel’s transgression in worshipping the golden calf; Galatians 3:19). As we have already shown, under the New Covenant, the law (or laws) of Moses was (or were), and is (and are), all together, done away in Christ; but not the “ten commandment law of God,” nor the commandments (and/or sayings) of Jesus, nor the observance of “the passover” (Numbers 9:14; II Corinthians 3:7-14; these scripture verses can be found below). The memorial observance of the passover was to be observed as an ordinance, forever. Everything God did for Israel through the blood of the lamb which they offered that night in Egypt, was only a type (figure) of that which He would eventually do for the whole world through the offering of His Son, Jesus Christ (the Lamb of God). This is the reason Jesus instructed His disciples at that last supper (which, in fact, took place on passover evening as prescribed by God those hundreds of years before), that from thenceforth (from that day forward), “…as often as you do this (once each year at the exact appointed time; as Israel had by then, done for centuries) do it IN REMEMBRANCE OF ME. No longer would Israel celebrate the deliverance afforded by the offering of the lamb in Egypt, but from thenceforth, they (the “Israel of God; the true church [Galatians 6:16]”) would celebrate the offering of the Lamb of God which delivers all who will ever believe the true gospel of Him; from the captivity of SIN; and, the cursed law of Moses (Galatians 3:13).

For hundreds of years the children of Israel observed this memorial as prescribed by God, until the day came that the Lamb of God Himself was offered (sacrificed) for the SINS of the whole world. From that day forward, there would never be any other sacrifice accepted by God.

Let’s look at some of the things which the offering of the lamb which Israel offered in Egypt, and the offering of Jesus, the Christ, the Lamb of God, had in common.


Institution of the First Passover

In the following excerpts from the scriptures, only the words of Jesus are shown in red.

Exodus 12:1-51

1        And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,

2        This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: (i.e.) it shall be the first month of the year to you.

3        Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:

4        And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.

5        Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:

6        And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. (Both the passover lamb from the flock, and Jesus, would be offered on the same day, by the same people.)

7        And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.

8        And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

9        Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof.

10      And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.

11      And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD’s passover. (The benefit afforded through the offering of each passover lamb, was [and in the case of Jesus, is, and will continue to be, throughout all eternity] in the flesh and blood of the offered lamb.)

12      For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.

13      And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague (which, for the world, is sin) shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.

14      And this day shall be unto you for A MEMORIAL; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance FOREVER.

15      Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.

16      And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.

17      And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies (your host; your tribes; your divisions) out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever.

18      In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even(ing), ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day (the 21st day) of the month at even(ing).

19      Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land.

20      Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.

21      Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover (lamb).

22      And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.

23      For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.

24      And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons forever.

25      And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service.

26      And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, What mean ye by this service?

27      That ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of the LORD’s passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped.

28      And the children of Israel went away, and did as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.

29      And it came to pass, that at MIDNIGHT the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle.

30      And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead.

31      And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as ye have said.

32      Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also.

33      And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We be all dead men.

34      And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading troughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders.

35      And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment:

36      And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent unto them such things as they required. And they spoiled the Egyptians.

37      And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.

38      And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.

39      And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual.

40      Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

41      And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.

42      It is a night to be much observed unto the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.

43      And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof:

44      But every man’s servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.

45      A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eat thereof.

46      In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof.

47      All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.

48      And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.

49      One law shall be to him that is home born, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you. (One law for both the Jew and for the Gentile [the law of the Spirit of Life]; Romans 8:2; Ephesians 2:15.)

50      Thus did all the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.

51      And it came to pass the selfsame day, that the LORD did bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies (their host, tribes, or divisions).


Memorial Observance of the First Passover

Numbers 9:1-14

1        And the LORD spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the first month of the SECOND year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying,

2        Let the children of Israel also keep the passover at his appointed season.

3        In the fourteenth day of this month, at even(ing), ye shall keep it in his appointed season: according to all the rites of it, and according to all the ceremonies thereof, shall ye keep it.

4        And Moses spake unto the children of Israel, that they should keep the passover.

5        And they kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the FIRST month at even(ing) in the wilderness of Sinai: according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so did the children of Israel.

6        And there were certain men, who were defiled by the dead body of a man, that they could not keep the passover on that day: and they came before Moses and before Aaron on that day:

7        And those men said unto him, We are defiled by the dead body of a man: wherefore are we kept back, that we may not offer an offering of the LORD in his appointed season among the children of Israel?

8        And Moses said unto them, Stand still, and I will hear what the LORD will command concerning you.

9        And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

10      Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If any man of you or of your posterity shall be unclean by reason of a dead body, or be in a journey afar off, yet he shall keep the passover unto the LORD (in the next, or following month).

11      The fourteenth day of the SECOND month at even(ing) they shall keep it, and eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

12      They shall leave none of it unto the morning, nor break any bone of it: according to all the ordinances of the passover they shall keep it. (No bone of either offered lamb was to be broken.)

13      But the man that is clean, and is not in a journey, and forbeareth (refrains) to keep the passover, even the same soul shall be CUT OFF from among his people: because he brought not the offering of the LORD in his appointed season, that man shall bear his sin.

14      And if a stranger shall sojourn among you, and will keep the passover unto the LORD; according to the ordinance of the passover, and according to the manner thereof, so shall he do: ye shall have one ordinance, both for the stranger, and for him that was born in the land (both for the Jew and for the Gentile; Ephesians 2:15).


Institution of the New Passover

John 6:47-58

47      Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath everlasting life.

48      I am that BREAD of life.

49      Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead.

50      This is the (living) BREAD which cometh down from heaven, that a man may EAT THEREOF, and NOT die.

51      I am the living BREAD which came down from heaven: if any man eat of THIS BREAD, he shall LIVE FOREVER: and the BREAD that I will give is MY FLESH, which I will give for the LIFE of the world.

52      The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat?

53      Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you.

54      Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.

55      For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed.

56      He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him.

57      As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me.

58      This is that BREAD which came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live forever.


Luke 22:7-20

7        Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover must be killed.

8        And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the passover, that we may eat.

9        And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare?

10      And he said unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he entereth in.

11      And ye shall say unto the goodman of the house, The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guest chamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?

12      And he shall shew you a large upper room furnished: there make ready.

13      And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.

14      And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.

15      And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer (before I Am crucified [killed]):

16      For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, UNTIL IT BE FULFILLED IN THE KINGDOM OF GOD.

17      And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves:

18      For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, UNTIL THE KINGDOM OF GOD SHALL COME.

19      And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is MY BODY which is GIVEN for you: THIS DO IN REMEMBRANCE OF ME.

20      Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament (the new covenant, which is) in my blood, which is shed for you.


Memorial Observance of the New Passover

I Corinthians 11:23-32

23      For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread:

24      And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is MY BODY, which is BROKEN for you: THIS DO IN REMEMBRANCE OF ME.

25      After the same manner also he took the cup, (and) when he had supped, saying, This cup is the NEW TESTAMENT (the new covenant, which is sealed) in MY BLOOD: THIS DO YE, AS OFT (often) AS YE DRINK IT (once each year on passover evening; more commonly called, Good Friday evening), IN REMEMBRANCE OF ME.

26      For as often as ye EAT this BREAD, and DRINK this CUP, ye do SHEW THE LORD’S DEATH till he come.

27      Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, UNWORTHILY, shall be GUILTY of the BODY and BLOOD of the LORD.

28      But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.

29      For he that eateth and drinketh UNWORTHILY, eateth and drinketh DAMNATION to himself, not discerning the Lord’s body (i.e., the Lord’s true church, which is presently, His body on this earth).

30      For this cause (because they do not discern His body; His [true] church) many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep (have already died prematurely).

31      For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged.

32      But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world.


A Short Summary of the New Passover

As we can see by these scripture excerptions (above), the passover in Egypt was only a type of something much greater. That greater thing being the offering of our Lord Jesus, the Christ, on the cross of Calvary. This took place, as near as I can determine by “The Reese Chronological Bible,” approximately 1491 years after the exodus from Egypt. If you have read the (above) scriptures, you probably recognized that this was not only a MEMORIAL to that which God did for Israel in Egypt, but, was also a prophetic similitude of Calvary; example, “…neither shall ye break a bone thereof…. The thing I was most interested to find in this study, is not, whether we should, but, how, and how often we should celebrate the passover. It seems clear to me, that we will be celebrating the passover Lamb of God throughout all eternity. “…ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance FOREVER…. This is repeated several times. But the real passover Lamb is now the Lamb of God; our Lord and Savior, Jesus, the Christ.

The apostle Paul, in his letter to the Corinthians, tells us plainly that under the New Covenant, “…Christ (is) OUR passover… (I Corinthians 5:7). He also gives instruction as to how we should celebrate the “NEW” passover MEMORIAL. Keep in mind that, for us, this is not only a MEMORIAL SERVICE in remembrance of something which has already occurred; but, something we will be enjoying the benefits of, forever. Let’s recall the words of Jesus on the night He instituted the NEW passover celebration. From that time forward, “forever,” as oft (or often) as you do it (which I believe should only be ONCE EACH YEAR as Israel had done for centuries), it would no longer be the flesh of a lamb from the flock that would be eaten, but BROKEN BREAD, which was and is, symbolic of the BROKEN BODY of Jesus, the Christ. And he took bread: and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying: This is my body which is GIVEN for you: this do in REMEMBRANCE OF ME (Luke 22:19). In Paul’s letter to the Corinthians (relating that which he had received of the Lord), he has Jesus saying after He had BLESSED and BROKEN the BREAD, “…Take, (and) eat: this is my body, which is BROKEN for you: this do IN REMEMBRANCE OF ME (I Corinthians 11:24). The broken body spoken of in these scriptures, refer to the bruised, battered, broken flesh of Jesus; not broken bones (Exodus 12:46; Numbers 9:12; Psalm 34:20; John 19:31-36). Nevertheless, there is no way we can possibly imagine the horrible abuse our Lord suffered at the hands of wicked men in order to redeem us to God; through salvation from sin. Only the agape love of God could ever have loved so.

Here are a few things I have picked up from this study. Seemingly, an annual memorial celebration of passover is meant to continue forever (throughout all eternity), only now, the passover Lamb is “Jesus, the Christ,” the “Lamb of God.” To my mind, this celebration should be a special evening service, conducted on Good Friday (the Friday preceding passover, beginning at, or shortly after 6:00 PM, and concluding at some time before midnight [12 PM]) just as it had always been. I believe, however, that to celebrate this carnal memorial more often than annually, and it could, and likely would, become just another carnal work to make carnal people feel better about themselves, i.e., either “saved,” “or more saved,” when in fact, this celebration has absolutely nothing to do with salvation; but, is a memorial service in memory of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ and that which He did for us and all mankind through His sufferings: His death, His burial, and His resurrection. If you are not already saved before partaking of this passover celebration, you will not be saved afterward; at least, not because you partook in the celebration.

Now, there is one other thing we should discuss before concluding this message. It is also the most important thing in this study; and, that one thing is, true communion.

True Communion

The knowledge of what I will call true communion is the most important thing we can derive from this entire study; therefore, I pray that the Lord will give understanding to both me, the writer, and to you, the reader. Do you recall that one of the New Testament terms we mentioned at the beginning of this study was “communion. We will now attempt to address this. True Communion is so much more important than any carnal ordinance we could ever do, or keep. In the following verses, the words communion and fellowship are all translated from the same Greek word; #2842 in Strong’s Greek Dictionary. The full Strong’s definition is as follows.

#2842 koinonia (koy-nohn-ee'-ah);

from 2844; partnership, i.e. (literally) participation, or (social) intercourse, or (pecuniary) benefaction:

Listed below are all of the different ways this Greek word was translated in the King James Version of the New Testament, but for this study, the ones I have bolded are of primary interest.

KJV-- (to) communicate (-ation), communion, (contri-) distribution, fellowship.


In the following verses of scripture, the apostles, Paul and John, are bringing spiritual truth far beyond any carnal ordinance or instruction.

I Corinthians 10:16-21

16      The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?

17      For we being many are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread (the sacrificed, physical body of Jesus, the Christ; the Lamb of God).

18      Behold Israel after the flesh: are not they which eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar?

19      What say I then? that the idol is anything, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is anything?

20      But I say, that the things which the Gentiles (the heathen) sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and NOT to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship (communion) with devils (There are so many today, who call themselves Christians, that are fellowshipping with devils and do not know it.).

21      Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lords table (communion with Christ and His true church), and of the table of devils.


II Corinthians 6:14-18

14      Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?

15      And what concord (accordance) hath Christ with Belial? or what part hath he that believeth with an infidel?

16      And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.

17      Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you,

18      And (I) will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.


Revelation 18:4

4        And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.

All, non italicized, bolded, and underlined words in the verses below were translated from the Greek word, koinonia (koy-nohn-ee’-ah) Strong’s #2842.


Acts 2:42    And they continued stedfastly in the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship (communion), and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.


I Corinthians 1:9

9        God is faithful, by whom ye were called unto the fellowship (communion) of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord.


I Corinthians 10:16

16      The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion (fellowship) of the BLOOD of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion (fellowship) of the BODY of Christ?


II Corinthians 6:14

14      Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship (what part, or participation) hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion (fellowship) hath light with darkness?


II Corinthians 8:4

4        Praying us with much intreaty that we would receive the gift, and take upon us the fellowship (communion) of the ministering to the saints.


II Corinthians 13:14

14      The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion (fellowship) of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen.


Galatians 2:9

9        And when James, Cephas (Peter), and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship (communion); that we should go unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.


Philippians 1:5

5        For your fellowship (communion) in the gospel from the first day until now;


Philippians 2:1

1        If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of love, if any fellowship (communion) of the Spirit, if any bowels and mercies,


Philippians 3:10

10      That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship (communion) of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;


Philemon 1:6

6        That the communication of thy faith may become effectual by the acknowledging of every good thing which is in you in Christ Jesus.


The following three verses of scripture from First John are without doubt, the most important examples of true communion we can possibly have. If you NEVER have an opportunity to participate in a carnal celebration of passover, be sure that you participate in the communion John speaks of in these three verses.

I John 1:3

3        That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship (communion) with us: and truly our fellowship (communion) is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.


I John 1:6-7

6        If we say that we have fellowship (communion) with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth:

7        But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship (communion) one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.


The Importance of Keeping the Passover, which I believe is

the communion John is speaking of in the scriptures above.


Numbers 9:13

13      But the man that is clean, and is not in a journey, and forbeareth (REFRAINS) to keep THE PASSOVER, even the same soul shall be CUT OFF from among his people: because he brought not the offering of the LORD in his appointed season, that man shall bear his sin.



I Corinthians 11:27

27      Wherefore whosoever shall EAT this BREAD, and DRINK this CUP OF THE LORD, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.

There is a serious consequence in the lack of true fellowship (communion), not just with our brothers and sisters in the Lord; but with the Father, and His Son (Jesus, the Christ), in the Holy Ghost (the Holy Spirit of God), by the children of God. Only a true child of God can have true communion (fellowship) with God.


JDG Message 30 - Laws, Ordinances, and Traditions

A Study on “The Passover”






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